Cannabis, Hemp & Marijuana
Cannabis, Hemp and Marijuana are not the same thing. Cannabis is a family of plants with two primary classifications — Indica and Sativa. Marijuana is considered a member of either the Indica or Sativa families. While Hemp is a member of the Cannabis Sativa family. Both Hemp and Marijuana are derived from the Cannabis Sativa family where they do share certain similarities; however, due to each plant’s biological structure, they have several very distinct and crucial differences.
Marijuana is abundant in THC and is naturally grown for its psychoactive properties. Whether it is for recreational or medicinal use marijuana can be smoked, inhaled, ingester or injected directly into the body. THC is commonly extracted from the plant and used in a variety of methods including vaporizers, capsules, edibles and more.
Hemp naturally contains very little THC thus making it legal in most parts of the country. Around the world THC content for hemp to be classified as legal is 0.2%, while in the United States it is 0.3%. Hemp is primarily used for industrial purposes and it is capable of producing hundreds of resources such as paper, clothing, building material, biofuel, food products, oils and more. Hemp is used to produce a wide variety of THC- free CBD products and Hemp seeds are incredibly nutritious.
Health Benefits of Hemp Seeds
Hemp seeds are rich in healthy fats and essential fatty acids. Technically a nut, hemp seeds are often referred to as hemp hearts. Hemp seeds contain over 30% fat and are exceptionally rich in two essential fatty acids,
linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3). They are a great source of protein with 25% of their total calories from a high-quality protein. Similar foods like Chia seeds and flaxseeds whose total calorie content are 16-18% protein are considerably lower.
They are considered a complete protein source, which means that they provide all the essential amino acids. Your body cannot produce essential amino acids and must obtain them from your diet. Complete protein sources are very rare in the plant kingdom, as plants often lack the amino acid lysine. Quinoa is another example of a complete, plant-based protein source.
Hemp seeds contain high amounts of vitamin E, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, sulfur, calcium, iron and zinc. They can be consumed raw, cooked or roasted. Hemp seed oil is also very healthy; it has been used as a food and medicine in China for at least 3,000 years.
Hemp seed shells may contain trace amounts of THC (< 0.3%), the active compound in marijuana. Though hemp seeds have only recently become popular in the West, they’re a staple food in many societies and provide excellent nutritional value. They may be one of the few superfoods worthy of their reputation.
What is CBD?
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, the primary non-psychoactive component of the plant Cannabis Sativa (marijuana). However, many confuse it with THC. CBD can be extracted into an oil used for baking or cooking. You can also find CBD in the form of topicals, tinctures, vapes and sublingual sprays.
CBD vs THC
Both compounds have health benefits: THC has antispasmodic, analgesic, anti-tremor, anti-inflammatory, and can stimulate the appetite. CBD also has anti-inflammatory benefits as well as anticonvulsant. antipsychotic, and neuroprotective properties.
THC is often limited for medical use because of its psychoactive side effects. Since CBD does not affect the mind in that way it’s beginning to make leaps and bounds through the health and wellness industry. THC has also been known to cause anxiety and even paranoia in some, however CBD works to counteract those side effects. One of the most known benefits of CBD is it’s natural pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties.
There are many scientific studies proving the benefits of CBD
Here are a few sources:
- Relieve pain and inflammation
- Helps MS
- Reduces anxiety
- Helps to fight cancer
- Relieves nausea
- Help with seizures
- Helps with schizophrenia and dystonia
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This blog post is a recap of key points from multiple sources & personal experience: